At the State Board of Medicine's (Board) meeting on March 21, 2017, the Board received an update on the status of the Interstate Medical Licensure Compact (Compact).
The Interstate Medical Licensure Compact Act – Act 112 – was signed into law on October 26, 2016. Act 112 authorizes the governor to enter into a compact with one or more states to provide a process by which physicians from one state could obtain an expedited license to practice medicine in another state.
The update shared at the March 21 meeting focused on an issue
The Interstate Medical Licensure Compact
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regarding obtaining the required FBI background check that is one of the requirements to obtain an expedited license.
According to an article on Medscape, the FBI's chief objection to the legislation authorizing the Compact is that there is no statutory authority for the FBI to share criminal files with an entity such as the Interstate Medical Licensure Compact Commission (Commission), which the participating states set up to administer the Compact. The FBI noted that federal regulations empowering the FBI to share information with states for the purposes of criminal background checks do not permit a private organization such as the Commission to receive this information.
In that same Medscape article, the Commission refuted the claim that it is a private entity but rather a joint agency of the member states. Regarding background checks, the Commission asserted that those will be handled by the individual states and no criminal information will be shared with the Commission other than whether a person has a positive or negative criminal history.
The Board was informed that because of the issues raised by the FBI, the governor will not be entering into a compact with one or more states at this time.
PAMED will continue to provide updates as it receives them.